藜芦碱

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性

藜芦碱 基本信息

中文名称:
藜芦碱 
中文别名:
藜芦碱;
赛藜芦 
英文名称:
sabadilla
英文别名:
sabadilla;
(3β,4α,16β)-4,12,14,16,17,20-Hexahydroxycevan-3-yl acetate 
CAS No.:
8051-02-3
分 子 式:

 

分 子 量:
537.68500
精确分子量:
537.33000
PSA:
150.92000
LogP:
LogP值指的是某物质在正辛醇/水两相体系中的分配系数的对数值,反映了物质在油水两相中的分配情况。其中、LogP值越大,说明该物质越亲油;反之,LogP值越小,则说明该物质越亲水。
危险品标志:

 

风险术语:

 

安全术语:

 

分子结构式:
SDS:
查看

藜芦碱 制备方法及用途

制备方法

藜芦生物碱存在于百合科藜芦属和喷嚏草属植物中,作为杀虫剂的植物原料主要是喷嚏草的种子和白藜芦的根茎。将植物原料经乙醇萃取制得。

合成制备方法

藜芦生物碱存在于百合科藜芦属和喷嚏草属植物中,作为杀虫剂的植物原料主要是喷嚏草的种子和白藜芦的根茎。将植物原料经乙醇萃取制得。

用途简介

植物源杀虫剂,对昆虫具有触杀和胃毒作用。可用于防治家蝇、蜚蠊、虱等卫生害虫,也可用于防治菜青虫、蚜虫、叶蝉、蓟马和蝽象等农业害虫。

用途

植物源杀虫剂,对昆虫具有触杀和胃毒作用。可用于防治家蝇、蜚蠊、虱等卫生害虫,也可用于防治菜青虫、蚜虫、叶蝉、蓟马和蝽象等农业害虫。

藜芦碱 物化性质

密度:
1.37g/cm3
熔点:
130ºC
沸点:
668.2ºCat 760
闪点:
357.9ºC
折射率:
1.629
稳定性相关:

为一系列生物碱的总称,其中主要是瑟瓦定和藜芦定。扁平针状结晶,熔点213℃(分解),微溶于水,1g溶于约15ml乙醇或乙醚。

藜芦碱 安全信息

包装等级:
II
风险类别:
6.1(a)
危险类别码:
36/37/38
危险标志:
Xi: Irritant;

藜芦碱 毒理性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
YX5950000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Veratrine (mixture)
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
8051-02-3
LAST UPDATED :
199506

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human
DOSE/DURATION :
143 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
34ZIAG "Toxicology of Drugs and Chemicals," Deichmann, W.B., New York, Academic Press, Inc., 1969 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,522,1969
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
4 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
WRPCA2 World Review of Pest Control. (London, UK) V.1-10, 1962-71. Discontinued. Volume(issue)/page/year: 9,119,1970
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
7500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
PSEBAA Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1903/04- Volume(issue)/page/year: 76,847,1951
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
10 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - excitement
REFERENCE :
HDTU** "Pharmakologische Prufung von Analgetika, Dissertation," Herrlen, G., Pharmakologischen Institut der Universitat Tubingen, Fed. Rep. Ger., 1933 Volume(issue)/page/year: -,-,1933
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
2 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
HBAMAK "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.) Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,1289,1935
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - cat
DOSE/DURATION :
2500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
HBAMAK "Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.) Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,1289,1935
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
BDCGAS Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.) V.1-61, 1868-1928. For publisher information, see CHBEAM. Volume(issue)/page/year: 37,1946,1904
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1000 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
BDCGAS Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft. (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.) V.1-61, 1868-1928. For publisher information, see CHBEAM. Volume(issue)/page/year: 37,1946,1904
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Amphibian - frog
DOSE/DURATION :
151 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
AEXPBL Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. (Leipzig, Ger. Dem. Rep.) V.1-109, 1873-1925. For publisher information, see NSAPCC. Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,440,1892
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Bird - wild bird species
DOSE/DURATION :
17800 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
AECTCV Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. (Springer-Verlag New York, Inc., Service Center, 44 Hartz Way, Secaucus, NJ 070944) V.1- 1973- Volume(issue)/page/year: 12,355,1983 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
4450 ug/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetal death
REFERENCE :
PSEBAA Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1903/04- Volume(issue)/page/year: 136,1174,1971 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** EPA FIFRA 1988 PESTICIDE SUBJECT TO REGISTRATION OR RE-REGISTRATION FEREAC Federal Register. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) V.1- 1936- Volume(issue)/page/year: 54,7740,1989

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