二氯丙烷

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性
  • MSDS
  • 海关数据
  • 结构与计算化学
  • 表征图谱

二氯丙烷 基本信息

中文名称:
二氯丙烷 
中文别名:
1,2-二氯丙烷;
1,2-二氯丙烷;
二氯化丙烯;
氯化丙烯 
英文名称:
Propane, 1,2-dichloro-
英文别名:
1,2-dichloropropane;
1,2-Dichloropropane;
Bichlorure de propylene;
Propane,1,2-dichloro;
1,2-dichlorpropan;
1,2-dichloro-propane;
chloroethylmethylchloride;
Caswell No. 324;
Propylene chloride;
Propylene dichloride;
Dwuchloropropan 
CAS No.:
78-87-5
分 子 式:

C3H6Cl2

分 子 量:
112.98
精确分子量:
111.98500
PSA:
0.00000
MDL:
MFCD00000868
EINECS:
201-152-2
BRN:
1718880
InChI:
InChI=1/C3H6Cl2/c1-3(5)2-4/h3H,2H2,1H3/t3-/m1/s1
危险品标志:

flammablef;harmfulxn;toxict

风险术语:

R11;R20/22;

安全术语:

S16;S24;

分子结构式:
SDS:
查看

二氯丙烷 制备方法及用途

制备方法

由丙烯与氯气在二氯丙烷中液相低温氯化而得。丙烯高温氯化制氯丙烷时也副产该品。 【制法】 丙烯与氯气在二氯丙烷中液相低温氯化而得。

合成制备方法

   由丙烯与氯气在二氯丙烷中液相低温氯化而得。丙烯高温氯化制氯丙烷时也副产该品。

【制法】 丙烯与氯气在二氯丙烷中液相低温氯化而得。

 

用途简介

医药、农药、有机合成的中间体。

用途

     用作有机合成原料,油类、脂肪的溶剂,洗涤剂,树脂、农药的原料。经氨化可制得丙二胺。1,2-二氯丙烷和1,3-二氯丙烯,作为农药即滴滴混剂、D-D、Vidden D,[8003-19-8]。D-D为播前杀线虫剂,能有效地防治土壤线虫,包括根瘤线虫、草地线虫、刺线虫、剑线虫、螺旋线虫和甜菜线虫。当药剂施入15-20cm土壤深度时效果最好。该品有药害,在施药和种植之间,至少必须间隔15d。对蜜蜂毒性小。

二氯丙烷 物化性质

外观与性状:
无色液体,带有特有的气味
密度:
1.156 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
熔点:
−100 °C(lit.)
沸点:
95-96 °C(lit.)
闪点:
40 °F
水溶解性:
3 g/L (20 ºC)
折射率:
n20/D 1.439(lit.)
蒸汽密度:
3.89 (vs air)
存储条件/存储方法:
库房通风低温干燥,与氧化剂、酸类分开存放
稳定性相关:

    其蒸气与空气形成爆炸性混合物,遇明火、高热能引起燃烧爆炸,爆炸极限3.4~14.5(体积)受高热分解产生有毒的腐蚀性气体。 
其它信息:

1.       性状:无色液体,有氯仿的气味。

2.       沸点(ºC):95~96

3.       熔点(ºC):-100

4.       相对密度(g/mL,20ºC):1.156

5.       相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):3.9

6.       折射率:1.4388

7.       黏度(mPa·s,20ºC):0.865

8.       闪点(ºC):4

9.       燃点(ºC):557.2

10.    蒸发热(KJ/kg,b.p.):323.2

11.    熔化热(KJ/kg):56.6

12.    燃烧热(KJ/mol):1545.4

13.    比热容(KJ/(kg·K),20ºC):1.30

14.    临界温度(ºC):304.3

15.    临界压力(MPa):4.4

16.    蒸气压(kPa,20ºC):5.33

17.    爆炸下限(%,V/V):3.4

18.    爆炸上限(%,V/V):14.5

19.    体膨胀系数(K-1,20ºC):0.001108

20.    溶解性:不溶于水,能与乙醇、乙醚、苯、四氯化碳等大多数有机溶剂混溶。能溶解油脂、蜡、橡胶、树脂及多种染料。20℃时在水中的溶解度为0.26%。

21.    溶度参数(J·cm-3)0.5:18.395

22.    van der Waals面积(cm2·mol-1):7.640×109

23.    van der Waals体积(cm3·mol-1):54.540

24.    气相标准声称热(焓)( kJ·mol-1) :-162.8

25.    液相标准声称热(焓)( kJ·mol-1):-198.8

26.    液相标准热熔(J·mol-1·K-1):145.8

二氯丙烷 安全信息

包装等级:
II
风险类别:
3
海关代码:
2903199000
WGK_Germany:
3
德国有关水污染物质的分类清单
危险类别码:
R11;R20/22
安全说明:
S16-S24-S45-S36/37-S7
RTECS号:
TX9625000
安全标志:
S16:远离火源。
S24:避免接触皮肤。
危险标志:
F:Flammable

二氯丙烷 毒理性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
TX9625000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Propane, 1,2-dichloro-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
78-87-5
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
1718880
LAST UPDATED :
199712
DATA ITEMS CITED :
72
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C3-H6-Cl2
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
112.99
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
GY1&1G

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Standard Draize test
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration into the eye
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1947 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
14 gm/m3/8H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1100 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
860 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LCLo - Lowest published lethal concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
1000 ppm/2H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Unreported
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
960 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from stomach Gastrointestinal - ulceration or bleeding from small intestine
TYPE OF TEST :
LDLo - Lowest published lethal dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
5 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - sleep Liver - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Administration onto the skin
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rabbit
DOSE/DURATION :
8750 uL/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
28 gm/kg/14D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
109 mg/kg/26W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Gastrointestinal - changes in structure or function of endocrine pancreas Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - other hydrolases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
16250 mg/kg/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - changes in liver weight Endocrine - changes in spleen weight Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - transaminases
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
9 mg/m3/24H/94D-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Brain and Coverings - recordings from specific areas of CNS Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - other changes Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - true cholinesterase
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
10 mg/m3/24H/60D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - other changes Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - phosphatases Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - dehydrogenases
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1000 ppm/7H/20W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - fatty liver degeneration Blood - changes in spleen Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2500 mg/kg/5D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - other changes Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - other transferases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
1400 mg/kg/4W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - other changes Biochemical - Enzyme inhibition, induction, or change in blood or tissue levels - other transferases
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
28 gm/kg/14D-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - other changes Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
32500 mg/kg/13W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
400 ppm/7H/7W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - fatty liver degeneration Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
1000 ppm/7H/26W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - fatty liver degeneration Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis) Endocrine - other changes
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
1500 ppm/7H/8W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Liver - fatty liver degeneration Endocrine - other changes Related to Chronic Data - death
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
130 gm/kg/2Y-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - Carcinogenic by RTECS criteria Skin and Appendages - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
1250 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 6-15 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
DOSE :
1950 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 7-19 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Maternal Effects - other effects

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Sister chromatid exchange
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - hamster Lung
REFERENCE :
ENMUDM Environmental Mutagenesis. (New York, NY) V.1-9, 1979-87. For publisher information, see EMMUEG. Volume(issue)/page/year: 9,401,1987 *** REVIEWS *** ACGIH TLV-Not classifiable as a human carcinogen DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-STEL 508 mg/m3 (110 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 ACGIH TLV-TWA 347 mg/m3 (75 ppm) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: TLV/BEI,1997 IARC Cancer Review:Animal Limited Evidence IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,131,1986 IARC Cancer Review:Human No Adequate Data IMEMDT IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risk of Chemicals to Man. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) V.1- 1972- Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,131,1986 IARC Cancer Review:Group 3 IMSUDL IARC Monographs, Supplement. (WHO Publications Centre USA, 49 Sheridan Ave., Albany, NY 12210) No.1- 1979- Volume(issue)/page/year: 7,56,1987 TOXICOLOGY REVIEW PAREAQ Pharmacological Reviews. (Williams & Wilkins, 428 E. Preston St., Baltimore, MD 21202) V.1- 1949- Volume(issue)/page/year: 4,1,1952 *** U.S. STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS *** MSHA STANDARD-air:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) DTLVS* The Threshold Limit Values (TLVs) and Biological Exposure Indices (BEIs) booklet issues by American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH), Cincinnati, OH, 1996 Volume(issue)/page/year: 3,218,1971 OSHA PEL (Gen Indu):8H TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1910.1000,1994 OSHA PEL (Construc):8H TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1926.55,1994 OSHA PEL (Shipyard):8H TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,1915.1000,1993 OSHA PEL (Fed Cont):8H TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) CFRGBR Code of Federal Regulations. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Supt. of Documents, Washington, DC 20402) Volume(issue)/page/year: 41,50-204.50,1994 *** OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE LIMITS *** OEL-AUSTRALIA:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3);STEL 110 ppm (510 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-AUSTRIA:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-BELGIUM:TWA 75 ppm (347 mg/m3);STEL 110 ppm (509 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-DENMARK:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FINLAND:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3);STEL 115 ppm (530 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-FRANCE:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-GERMANY:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-HUNGARY:TWA 50 mg/m3;STEL 100 mg/m3;Skin JAN 1993 OEL-THE NETHERLANDS:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-THE PHILIPPINES:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-POLAND:TWA 50 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-RUSSIA:STEL 10 mg/m3 JAN 1993 OEL-SWITZERLAND:TWA 75 ppm (350 mg/m3);STEL 375 ppm (1750 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL-TURKEY:TWA 74 ppm (350 mg/m3) JAN 1993 OEL IN BULGARIA, COLOMBIA, JORDAN, KOREA check ACGIH TLV OEL IN NEW ZEALAND, SINGAPORE, VIETNAM check ACGIH TLV *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH RECOMMENDED EXPOSURE LEVEL (REL) : NIOSH REL TO PROPYLENE DICHLORIDE-air:CA lowest feasible conc. REFERENCE : NIOSH* National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, U.S. Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Reports and Memoranda. Volume(issue)/page/year: DHHS #92-100,1992 NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 24390 No. of Facilities: 653 (estimated) No. of Industries: 13 No. of Occupations: 15 No. of Employees: 9601 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 24390 No. of Facilities: 116 (estimated) No. of Industries: 6 No. of Occupations: 15 No. of Employees: 2944 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 1022 (estimated)
毒理学数据:

能刺激眼睛、黏膜,引起皮肤炎。高浓度对中枢神经系统有抑制作用。并损害肝、肾脏。嗅觉阈浓度231mg/m3,工作场所最高容许浓度350mg/m3(美国)。小鼠经口LD50为860mg/kg,大鼠吸入的致死浓度为9240mg/m3。

二氯丙烷 MSDS

国标编号: 32036
CAS: 78-87-5
中文名称: 1,2-二氯丙烷
英文名称: 1,2-Dichloropropane
别 名: 氯化丙烯
分子式: C3H6Cl2;ClCH2CHClCH3
分子量: 112.99
熔 点: -80℃ 沸点:96.8℃
密 度: 相对密度(水=1)1.16;
蒸汽压: 15℃
溶解性: 不溶于水,溶于多数有机溶剂
稳定性: 稳定
外观与性状: 无色液体,有类似氯仿的气味
危险标记: 7(中闪点易燃液体)
用 途: 用作脂肪、油、蜡、树脂和树胶的溶剂及杀虫剂等

2.对环境的影响:
一、健康危害

侵入途径:吸入、食入、经皮吸收。
健康危害:吸入、摄入或经皮肤吸收后对身体有害。1,2-二氯丙烷对中枢神经系统有抑制作用;可使皮肤干燥,脱屑和皲裂;对粘膜有刺激作用;可引起肝、肾和心肌脂肪性变。

二、毒理学资料及环境行为

急性毒性:LD502196mg/kg(大鼠经口);8750mg/kg(兔经皮);小鼠吸入4.6g/m3×3~4小时,致死;小鼠经口860mg/kg,致死。
亚急性和慢性毒性:小鼠吸入1.85g/m3×4~7小时/2~12次,肝细胞轻度脂肪变性;大鼠吸入4.4g/m3×7小时×6~32次,半数动物死亡。
致突变性:Ames试验沙门氏菌株TA1535、TA1978、TA100,10~50mg/皿阳性。

危险特性:其蒸气与空气形成爆炸性混合物,遇明火、高热能引起燃烧爆炸。与氧化剂能发生强烈反应。受高热分解产生有毒的腐蚀性气体。其蒸气比空气重,能在较低处扩散到相当远的地方,遇火源引着回燃。若遇高热,容器内压增大,有开裂和爆炸的危险。
燃烧(分解)产物:一氧化碳、二氧化碳、氯化氢、光气。


3.现场应急监测方法:
便携式气相色谱法


4.实验室监测方法:
吹扫捕集-气相色谱法(中国环境监测总站,水质)
气相色谱法《固体废弃物试验与分析评价手册》中国环境监测总站等译
色谱/质谱法 美国EPA524.2方法


5.环境标准:
前苏联 车间空气中有害物质的最高容许浓度 10mg/m3
嗅觉阈浓度 50ppm


6.应急处理处置方法:
一、泄漏应急处理

疏散泄漏污染区人员至安全区,禁止无关人员进入污染区,切断火源。建议应急处理人员戴自给式呼吸器,穿一般消防防护服。在确保安全情况下堵漏。喷水雾能减少蒸发,但不不能降低泄漏物在受限制家间内的易燃性。用沙土或其它不燃性吸附剂混合吸收,然后收集运至废物处理场所处置。也可以用不燃性分散剂制成的乳液刷洗,经稀释的洗水放入废水系统。如大量泄漏,利用围堤收容,然后收集、转移、回收或无害处理后废弃。
废弃物处置方法:用焚烧法。废料同其它燃料混合后焚烧。燃烧要充分,防止生成光气。焚烧炉排气中的卤化氢通过酸洗涤器除去。

二、防护措施

呼吸系统防护:空气中浓度超标时,应该佩带防毒面具。紧急事态抢救或逃生时,佩带自给式呼吸器。
眼睛防护:戴化学安全防护眼镜。
身体防护:穿相应的工作服。
手防护:必要时戴防化学品手套。
其它:工作现场严禁吸烟、进食和饮水。工作后,淋浴更衣。注意个人清洁卫生。

三、急救措施

皮肤接触:脱去污染的衣着,用肥皂水及清水彻底冲洗。
眼睛接触:立即提起眼睑,用流动清水冲洗。
吸入:迅速脱离现场至空气新鲜处。保持呼吸道通畅。呼吸困难时给输氧。呼吸停止时,立即进行人工呼吸。就医。
食入:误服者给饮大量温水,催吐,洗胃,就医。

灭火方法:雾状水、泡沫、二氧化碳、干粉、砂土。

二氯丙烷 海关数据

中国海关编码:2903199000

概述:
2903199000 其他无环烃的饱和氯化衍生物。监管条件:无。增值税率:17.0%。退税率:9.0%。最惠国关税:5.5%。普通关税:30.0%
申报要素:
品名, 成分含量, 用途
摘要/Summary:
2903199000 other saturated chlorinated derivatives of acyclic hydrocarbons。Supervision conditions:None。VAT:17.0%。Tax rebate rate:9.0%。MFN tariff:5.5%。General tariff:30.0%

二氯丙烷 分子结构与计算化学数据

分子结构数据

1、   摩尔折射率:25.60

2、   摩尔体积(cm3/mol):101.2

3、   等张比容(90.2K):225.7

4、   表面张力(dyne/cm):24.7

5、   极化率(10-24cm3):10.15

计算化学数据

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):1.8

2.氢键供体数量:0

3.氢键受体数量:0

4.可旋转化学键数量:1

5.互变异构体数量:无

6.拓扑分子极性表面积0

7.重原子数量:5

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:20.9

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:0

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:1

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

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