高氯酸钆

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性
  • MSDS
  • 结构与计算化学

高氯酸钆 基本信息

中文名称:
高氯酸钆 
中文别名:
高氯酸钆;
高氯酸钆, 50% W/W 水溶液, REAGENT GRADE;
高氯酸钆(III)六水合物, 50% W/W 水溶液, 试剂级;
高氯酸钆(III)六水合物;
高氯酸钆(III) 溶液 
英文名称:
gadolinium(iii) perchlorate
英文别名:
gadolinium(3+),triperchlorate;
gadolinium(III) perchlorate 
CAS No.:
14017-52-8
分 子 式:
Cl3GdH2O13
分 子 量:
473.62
精确分子量:
472.78000
PSA:
232.04000
MDL:
MFCD00150239
EINECS:
237-837-8
危险品标志:
CorrosiveCOxidizingO
风险术语:
R18;R34;
安全术语:
S17;S26;S27;S36;S45;S36/37/39;
分子结构式:
SDS:
查看

高氯酸钆 制备方法及用途

制备方法

纯物Gd2O3(99.9%)溶解在60%高氯酸中,放置过夜。将过量的Gd2O3滤出。溶液在水浴上蒸发至干,并转移到装有P2O5的真空干燥器中,得到的高氯酸钆结晶用氯仿洗去高氯酸,接着在真空下用P2O5干燥。

合成制备方法

纯物Gd2O3(99.9%)溶解在60%高氯酸中,放置过夜。将过量的Gd2O3滤出。溶液在水浴上蒸发至干,并转移到装有P2O5的真空干燥器中,得到的高氯酸钆结晶用氯仿洗去高氯酸,接着在真空下用P2O5干燥。

用途简介

高氯酸钆 物化性质

密度:
1.445 g/mL at 25 °C
折射率:
n20/D 1.442
存储条件/存储方法:

常温密闭避光,通风干燥

稳定性相关:

常温常压下稳定

避免的物料:还原剂 易氧化材料 水溶液与碱金属 碱土金属和许多有机无机的活性化学药品是不相溶的。吸湿。可溶于水和乙醇。在空气中潮解。在常压下175℃分解。如化合物缓慢沉淀则生成大的八面体结晶。

其它信息:

1.       性状:六水合物为白色晶体。

2.       密度(g/mL,25/4℃):未确定

3.       相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):未确定

4.       熔点(ºC):未确定

5.       沸点(ºC,常压):未确定

6.       沸点(ºC,5.2kPa):未确定

7.       折射率:未确定

8.       闪点(ºC):未确定

9.       比旋光度(º):未确定

10.    自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):未确定

11.    蒸气压(kPa,25ºC):未确定

12.    饱和蒸气压(kPa,60ºC):未确定

13.    燃烧热(KJ/mol):未确定

14.    临界温度(ºC):未确定

15.    临界压力(KPa):未确定

16.    油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:未确定

17.    爆炸上限(%,V/V):未确定

18.    爆炸下限(%,V/V):未确定

19.    溶解性:完全可拌和的

高氯酸钆 安全信息

包装等级:
II
风险类别:
5.1
危险类别码:
R8
安全说明:
17-26-27-36-36/37/39-45
安全标志:
S17:远离可燃物质。
S26:万一接触眼睛,立即使用大量清水冲洗并送医诊治。
S27:立刻除去所有污染衣物。
S36:穿戴合适的防护服装。
S45:出现意外或者感到不适,立刻到医生那里寻求帮助(最好带去产品容器标签)。
:
危险标志:
O: Oxidizing agent;C: Corrosive;

高氯酸钆 毒理性

毒理学数据:

1、急性毒性:主要的刺激性影响:

在皮肤上面:刺激皮肤和粘膜;     

在眼睛上面:刺激的影响;没有已知的敏化影响。

生态数据:

通常对水体是稍微有害的,不要将未稀释或大量产品接触地下水,水道或污水系统,未经政府许可勿将材料排入周围环境。

高氯酸钆 MSDS

    Version 1.2
    Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006

    1 - Product and Company Information

    Product Name        GADOLINIUM(III) PERCHLORATE, 99.5%, 40    
    WT. % SOLUTION IN WATER

    2 - Hazards Identification

    SPECIAL INDICATION OF HAZARDS TO HUMANS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
    Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Causes burns.

    3 - Composition/Information on Ingredients

    Product Name        CAS #        EC no        Annex I    
    Index Number
    GADOLINIUM(III) PERCHLORATE,        14017-52-8 237-837-8 None    
    99.5%,40 WT. % SOLUTION IN WATER
    Formula        Gd(ClO4)3    
    Molecular Weight 455,6000 AMU

    4 - First Aid Measures

    AFTER INHALATION
    If inhaled, remove to fresh air. If not breathing give
    artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.
    AFTER EYE CONTACT
    Assure adequate flushing of the eyes by separating the eyelids
    with fingers.
    AFTER INGESTION
    If swallowed, wash out mouth with water provided person is
    conscious. Call a physician immediately.

    5 - Fire Fighting Measures

    CONDITIONS OF FLAMMABILITY
    May accelerate combustion.
    EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
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    Suitable: Water spray.
    SPECIAL RISKS
    Specific Hazard(s): Emits toxic fumes under fire conditions. May
    accelerate combustion. Contact with other material may cause
    fire.
    SPECIAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT FOR FIREFIGHTERS
    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and protective clothing
    to prevent contact with skin and eyes.

    6 - Accidental Release Measures

    PERSONAL PRECAUTION PROCEDURES TO BE FOLLOWED IN CASE OF LEAK OR SPILL
    Evacuate area.
    PROCEDURE(S) OF PERSONAL PRECAUTION(S)
    Wear self-contained breathing apparatus, rubber boots, and heavy
    rubber gloves.
    METHODS FOR CLEANING UP
    Cover with dry lime or soda ash, pick up, keep in a closed
    container, and hold for waste disposal. Ventilate area and wash
    spill site after material pickup is complete.

    7 - Handling and Storage

    HANDLING
    Directions for Safe Handling: Do not breathe vapor. Do not get
    in eyes, on skin, on clothing. Avoid prolonged or repeated
    exposure.
    STORAGE
    Conditions of Storage: Keep tightly closed. Store in a cool dry
    place.
    Unsuitable: Do not store near, nor allow contact with, clothing
    and other combustible material.

    8 - Exposure Controls / Personal Protection

    ENGINEERING CONTROLS
    Safety shower and eye bath. Use only in a chemical fume hood.
    GENERAL HYGIENE MEASURES
    Wash thoroughly after handling. Wash contaminated clothing before
    reuse. Discard contaminated shoes.
    PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT
    Special Protective Measures: Wear appropriate government approved
    respirator, chemical-resistant gloves, safety goggles, other
    protective clothing. Faceshield (8-inch minimum).

    9 - Physical and Chemical Properties

    pH N/A
    BP/BP Range        N/A    
    MP/MP Range        N/A    
    Flash Point        N/A    
    Flammability        N/A    
    Autoignition Temp        N/A    
    ALDRICH        www.molbase.com    
    Oxidizing Properties N/A
    Explosive Properties N/A
    Explosion Limits        N/A    
    Vapor Pressure        6,204000000 mmHg 20,00 °C    
    SG/Density        1,4450 g/cm3    
    Partition Coefficient N/A
    Viscosity        N/A    
    Vapor Density        N/A    
    Saturated Vapor Conc. N/A
    Evaporation Rate        N/A    
    Bulk Density        N/A    
    Decomposition Temp.        N/A    
    Solvent Content        N/A    
    Water Content        N/A    
    Surface Tension        N/A    
    Conductivity        N/A    
    Miscellaneous Data        N/A    
    Solubility        N/A    

    10 - Stability and Reactivity

    STABILITY
    Stable: Stable.
    Materials to Avoid: Organic materials, Finely powdered metals,
    Strong reducing agents.
    HAZARDOUS DECOMPOSITION PRODUCTS
    Hazardous Decomposition Products: Chlorine.

    11 - Toxicological Information

    SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF EXPOSURE
    To the best of our knowledge, the chemical, physical, and
    toxicological properties have not been thoroughly investigated.
    Blood effects. Exposure can cause: Symptoms of exposure may
    include burning sensation, coughing, wheezing, laryngitis,
    shortness of breath, headache, nausea, and vomiting. Inhalation
    may result in spasm, inflammation and edema of the larynxand
    bronchi, chemical pneumonitis, and pulmonary edema. Inhalation
    of rare earths may cause sensitivity to heat, itching, and
    increased awareness of odor and taste. Rare earth compounds may
    cause delayed blood clotting leading to hemorrhages. Material is
    extremely destructive to tissue of the mucous membranes and
    upper respiratory tract, eyes, and skin.
    ROUTE OF EXPOSURE
    Multiple Routes: Harmful if swallowed, inhaled, or absorbed
    through skin.

    12 - Ecological Information

    No data available.

    13 - Disposal Considerations

    SUBSTANCE DISPOSAL
    Contact a licensed professional waste disposal service to dispose
    of this material. Observe all federal, state, and local
    environmental regulations.

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    14 - Transport Information

    RID/ADR
    UN#: 3098
    Class: 5.1
    PG: II
    Subrisk: 8
    Proper Shipping Name: Oxidizing liquid, corrosive,
    n.o.s.
    IMDG
    UN#: 3098
    Class: 5.1
    PG: II
    Subrisk: 8
    Proper Shipping Name: OXIDIZING LIQUID, CORROSIVE,
    N.O.S.
    Marine Pollutant: No
    Severe Marine Pollutant: No
    Technical Name: Required
    IATA
    UN#: 3098
    Class: 5.1
    PG: II
    Subrisk: 8
    Proper Shipping Name: Oxidizing liquid, corrosive,
    n.o.s.
    Inhalation Packing Group I: No
    Technical Name: Required

    15 - Regulatory Information

    CLASSIFICATION AND LABELING ACCORDING TO EU DIRECTIVES
    INDICATION OF DANGER: O-C
    Oxidizing. Corrosive.
    R-PHRASES: 8-34
    Contact with combustible material may cause fire. Causes burns.
    S-PHRASES: 17-26-27-36/37/39-36-45
    Keep away from combustible material. In case of contact with
    eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical
    advice. Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Wear
    suitable protective clothing, gloves, and eye/face protection.
    Wear suitable protective clothing. In case of accident or if
    you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the
    label where possible).

    16 - Other Information

    WARRANTY
    The above information is believed to be correct but does not
    purport to be all inclusive and shall be used only as a guide. The
    information in this document is based on the present state of our
    knowledge and is applicable to the product with regard to
    appropriate safety precautions. It does not represent any
    guarantee of the properties of the product. Inc.,
    shall not be held liable for any damage resulting from handling or
    from contact with the above product. See reverse side of invoice
    or packing slip for additional terms and conditions of sale.
    Copyright 2010 Co. License granted to make
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    unlimitedpaper copies for internal use only.
    DISCLAIMER
    For R&D use only. Not for drug, household or other uses.
    ALDRICH        www.molbase.com    


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

高氯酸钆 分子结构与计算化学数据

分子结构数据

1、摩尔折射率:无可用的

2、摩尔体积(cm3/mol):无可用的

3、等张比容(90.2K):无可用的

4、表面张力(dyne/cm):无可用的

5、介电常数:无可用的

6、极化率(10-24cm3):无可用的

7、单一同位素质量:472.780198 Da

8、标称质量:473 Da

9、平均质量:473.6171 Da

计算化学数据

1、   氢键供体数量:1

2、   氢键受体数量:13

3、   可旋转化学键数量:0

4、   拓扑分子极性表面积(TPSA):224

5、   重原子数量:17

6、   表面电荷:0

7、   复杂度:95.8

8、   同位素原子数量:0

9、   确定原子立构中心数量:0

10、   不确定原子立构中心数量:0

11、   确定化学键立构中心数量:0

12、   不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

13、   共价键单元数量:5

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