芦丁

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性
  • MSDS
  • 海关数据
  • 结构与计算化学
  • 下游产品
  • 表征图谱

芦丁 基本信息

中文名称:
芦丁 
中文别名:
芸香叶苷;
紫皮甙三水合物;
维生素P三水合物;
芦丁三水合物;
芦丁 
英文名称:
Rutin
英文别名:
rutin;
Rutin;
Vitamin P trihydrate;
Rutin hydrate;
Rutin trihydrate 
CAS No.:
153-18-4
分 子 式:

C27H30O16

分 子 量:
610.52
精确分子量:
610.15300
PSA:
269.43000
EINECS:
205-814-1
InChI:
InChI=1/C27H30O16/c1-8-17(32)20(35)22(37)26(40-8)39-7-15-18(33)21(36)23(38)27(42-15)43-25-19(34)16-13(31)5-10(28)6-14(16)41-24(25)9-2-3-11(29)12(30)4-9/h2-6,8,15,17-18,20-23,26-33,35-38H,7H2,1H3/t8?,15?,17-,18+,20-,21+,22?,23?,26+,27-/m0/s1
危险品标志:

harmfulxnirritantxi

风险术语:

R22;R36/37/38

安全术语:

S24/25

分子结构式:
SDS:
查看

芦丁 制备方法及用途

制备方法

1. 芸香苷存在于芸香叶、烟叶、橙皮、番茄等内,槐花米和荞麦花内含量尤其丰富。我国药用的芸香苷是从槐花米中提得。槐花米经洗涤后,用热水和石灰乳(调pH至7.5-8)煮沸20min,添加硼砂,在95-100℃保温半小时,趁热过滤,用盐酸将滤液调至pH6-7,冷却至30℃以下,静置析出结晶,分离,得芸香苷粗品,经溶解、再结晶、干燥即得成品。以槐花米计总收率8.3%。 2. 将原料(一般用槐花蕾)粉碎后,用热乙醇萃取,再经乙醚、热甲醇和热水多次结晶精制而得。 浸提物浓缩后所得的残留物,用溶剂将其他可溶性色素等不纯物除去后,再经乙醇、乙醚、热甲醇和热水多次结晶和活性炭精制而得高纯度物。

合成制备方法

1. 芸香苷存在于芸香叶、烟叶、橙皮、番茄等内,槐花米和荞麦花内含量尤其丰富。我国药用的芸香苷是从槐花米中提得。槐花米经洗涤后,用热水和石灰乳(调pH至7.5-8)煮沸20min,添加硼砂,在95-100℃保温半小时,趁热过滤,用盐酸将滤液调至pH6-7,冷却至30℃以下,静置析出结晶,分离,得芸香苷粗品,经溶解、再结晶、干燥即得成品。以槐花米计总收率8.3%。

2. 将原料(一般用槐花蕾)粉碎后,用热乙醇萃取,再经乙醚、热甲醇和热水多次结晶精制而得。
浸提物浓缩后所得的残留物,用溶剂将其他可溶性色素等不纯物除去后,再经乙醇、乙醚、热甲醇和热水多次结晶和活性炭精制而得高纯度物。

 

用途简介

1.可用作食用抗氧化剂和营养增强剂等。 2.芦丁有维生素P样作用和抗炎作用,能降低如芥子油对动物眼睛或皮肤引起的炎症,有抗病毒作用,200μ g·ml-1浓度时,对水疱性口炎病毒有最大的抑制作用。有强烈的抗氧性,把芦丁加入富于溶酶体的匀浆内,能抑制类脂质过氧化物的形成。能强烈吸收在280~335nm的紫外线,可用于防晒增白型化妆品。 3.具有维持血管抵抗力、降低其通透性、减少脆性等作用。可用于防治脑溢血、高血压、视网膜出血、紫癜和急性出血性肾炎等疾病。

用途

1.可用作食用抗氧化剂和营养增强剂等。

2.芦丁有维生素P样作用和抗炎作用,能降低如芥子油对动物眼睛或皮肤引起的炎症,有抗病毒作用,200μg·ml-1浓度时,对水疱性口炎病毒有最大的抑制作用。有强烈的抗氧性,把芦丁加入富于溶酶体的匀浆内,能抑制类脂质过氧化物的形成。能强烈吸收在280~335nm的紫外线,可用于防晒增白型化妆品。

3.具有维持血管抵抗力、降低其通透性、减少脆性等作用。可用于防治脑溢血、高血压、视网膜出血、紫癜和急性出血性肾炎等疾病。

芦丁 物化性质

外观与性状:
灰白-黄色结晶固体
密度:
1.82 g/cm3
熔点:
195 °C (dec.)(lit.)
沸点:
983.1ºC at 760 mmHg
闪点:
325.4ºC
水溶解性:
12.5 g/100 mL
折射率:
1.765
存储条件/存储方法:

1.食品级塑料袋外套牛皮纸袋密封包装,或用玻璃瓶密封包装。贮存于阴凉干燥处。不与毒害化学品共贮。

稳定性相关:

1.常温常压下稳定。

2.禁配物:强氧化剂

其它信息:

1. 性状:芦丁是广泛存在于植物中的黄酮醇配糖体,两个配糖体为葡萄糖和鼠李糖。为淡黄色或淡绿色针状结晶或结晶性粉末

2. 熔点(℃):214~215

芦丁 安全信息

海关代码:
2932999099
WGK_Germany:
3
德国有关水污染物质的分类清单
危险类别码:
R22
安全说明:
S24/25
RTECS号:
VM2975000
安全标志:
S24/25:防止皮肤和眼睛接触。
危险标志:
Xn: Harmful;Xi: Irritant;

芦丁 毒理性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
VM2975000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Rutin
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
153-18-4
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
0075455
LAST UPDATED :
199701
DATA ITEMS CITED :
12
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C27-H30-O16
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
610.57
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
T66 BO EVJ CR CQ DQ& GQ IQ DO- BT6OTJ CQ DQ EQ F1O- BT6OTJ CQ DQ EQ F1

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
200 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
950 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - guinea pig
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
973 gm/kg/3Y-C
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Tumorigenic - neoplastic by RTECS criteria Liver - tumors
TYPE OF TEST :
Specific locus test

MUTATION DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
Body fluid assay
TEST SYSTEM :
Rodent - rat Bacteria - Salmonella typhimurium
DOSE/DURATION :
2 gm/kg
REFERENCE :
FCTOD7 Food and Chemical Toxicology. (Pergamon Press Inc., Maxwell House, Fairview Park, Elmsford, NY 10523) V.20- 1982- Volume(issue)/page/year: 25,9,1987 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 80506 No. of Facilities: 68 (estimated) No. of Industries: 1 No. of Occupations: 6 No. of Employees: 2770 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 80506 No. of Facilities: 19 (estimated) No. of Industries: 1 No. of Occupations: 9 No. of Employees: 934 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 506 (estimated)
毒理学数据:

1、急性毒性:大鼠腹腔LD50:2gm/kg;小鼠腹腔LC50:200mg/kg;小鼠静脉LC50:950mg/kg

2、慢性毒性/致癌性:大鼠经口TDLo:973gm/kg/3Y-C

生态数据:

其它有害作用:该物质对环境可能有危害,对水体应给予特别注意。

芦丁 MSDS

Name: Rutin Trihydrate 98% (Titr.) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Glucopyranoside, quercetin-3 6-O-(6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl)-, beta-D-; 3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxyflavone-3-rutinoside; Quercetin rhamnoglucosin
CAS: 153-18-4
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Rutin Trihydrate 98% (Titr.) Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Glucopyranoside, quercetin-3 6-O-(6-deoxy-alpha-L-mannopyranosyl)-, beta-D-; 3,3',4',5,7-Pentahydroxyflavone-3-rutinoside; Quercetin rhamnoglucosin

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
153-18-4 Rutin, DAB 98 205-814-1
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases: 36/37/38

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin.Hygroscopic (absorbs moisture from the air).Light sensitive.The toxicological properties of this material have not been fully investigated.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
Causes eye irritation.
Skin:
Causes skin irritation.
Ingestion:
Causes gastrointestinal irritation with nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
Inhalation:
Causes respiratory tract irritation. The toxicological properties of this substance have not been fully investigated.
Chronic:
No information found.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid. Flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse.
Ingestion:
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid. Do NOT induce vomiting. If conscious and alert, rinse mouth and drink 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. If not breathing, give artificial respiration. If breathing is difficult, give oxygen. Get medical aid.
Notes to Physician:
Treat symptomatically and supportively.

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear. During a fire, irritating and highly toxic gases may be generated by thermal decomposition or combustion.
Extinguishing Media:
Use agent most appropriate to extinguish fire. Do NOT get water inside containers. Use water spray, dry chemical, carbon dioxide, or appropriate foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Clean up spills immediately, observing precautions in the Protective Equipment section. Sweep up, then place into a suitable container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions. Provide ventilation. Do not get water inside containers.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Remove contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Use with adequate ventilation. Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Avoid ingestion and inhalation. Store protected from light. Do not allow contact with water. Keep from contact with moist air and steam.
Storage:
Store in a tightly closed container. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from moisture. Store protected from light.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Facilities storing or utilizing this material should be equipped with an eyewash facility and a safety shower. Use adequate ventilation to keep airborne concentrations low.
Exposure Limits CAS# 153-18-4: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Powder
Color: yellow to green
Odor: None reported.
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Decomposes
Freezing/Melting Point: 195 deg C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature: > 195 deg C
Solubility in water: disulfide and benzene
Specific Gravity/Density:
Molecular Formula: C27H30O16.3H2O
Molecular Weight: 664.58

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable at room temperature in closed containers under normal storage and handling conditions.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, dust generation, moisture, excess heat, strong oxidants.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Oxidizing agents.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, irritating and toxic fumes and gases, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 153-18-4: VM2975000 LD50/LC50:
Not available.
Carcinogenicity:
Rutin, DAB - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
IMO
Not regulated as a hazardous material.
RID/ADR
Not regulated as a hazardous material.

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: XI
Risk Phrases:
R 36/37/38 Irritating to eyes, respiratory system
and skin.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 28A After contact with skin, wash immediately with
plenty of water.
S 37 Wear suitable gloves.
S 45 In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek
medical advice immediately (show the label where
possible).
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 153-18-4: 1
Canada
CAS# 153-18-4 is listed on Canada's NDSL List.
CAS# 153-18-4 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 153-18-4 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

芦丁 海关数据

中国海关编码:2932999099

概述:
2932999099. 其他仅含氧杂原子的杂环化合物. 增值税率:17.0%. 退税率:13.0%. 监管条件:无. 最惠国关税:6.5%. 普通关税:20.0%
申报要素:
品名, 成分含量, 用途
摘要/Summary:
2932999099. other heterocyclic compounds with oxygen hetero-atom(s) only. VAT:17.0%. Tax rebate rate:13.0%. . MFN tariff:6.5%. General tariff:20.0%

芦丁 分子结构与计算化学数据

分子结构数据

1、 摩尔折射率:138.17

2、 摩尔体积(cm3/mol):334.1

3、 等张比容(90.2K):1117.8

4、 表面张力(dyne/cm):125.2

5、 极化率(10-24cm3):54.77

计算化学数据

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):-1.3

2.氢键供体数量:10

3.氢键受体数量:16

4.可旋转化学键数量:6

5.互变异构体数量:162

6.拓扑分子极性表面积266

7.重原子数量:43

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:1020

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:10

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

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