三乙氧基硅烷

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性
  • MSDS
  • 结构与计算化学
  • 上游产品
  • 下游产品
  • 表征图谱

三乙氧基硅烷 基本信息

中文名称:
三乙氧基硅烷 
中文别名:
三乙氧基硅烷;
TES;
三乙氧基矽烷;
三乙氧矽烷 
英文名称:
Triethoxysilane
英文别名:
Triethoxysilane;
4-bromooctafluorobutanetriethoxysilane;
Silane,triethoxy;
TRIES;
CT2500;
5,6-epoxyhexyltriethoxysilane;
triethoxy-silan;
3-piperazinopropyltriethoxysilane;
Triethoxysilicane;
triethoxy-silane 
CAS No.:
998-30-1
分 子 式:
C6H16O3Si
分 子 量:
164.28
精确分子量:
164.08700
PSA:
27.69000
MDL:
MFCD00009061
EINECS:
213-650-7
BRN:
1738989
InChI:
InChI=1/C6H15O3Si/c1-4-7-10(8-5-2)9-6-3/h4-6H2,1-3H3
危险品标志:
风险术语:
R10; R21/22; R26;
安全术语:
S16; S26; S36/37/39;
SDS:
查看

三乙氧基硅烷 制备方法及用途

制备方法

可由三氯硅烷与无水乙醇反应来制取。也可由硅粉在铜催化剂存在下,与乙醇反应来制取。

合成制备方法

可由三氯硅烷与无水乙醇反应来制取。也可由硅粉在铜催化剂存在下,与乙醇反应来制取。

 

用途简介

主要是合成硅烷偶联剂的重要原料,也可用于制造硅油、聚硅烷、树脂等。

用途

是合成硅烷偶联剂的重要原料,也可用于制造硅油、聚硅烷等用作光导纤维材料

三乙氧基硅烷 物化性质

外观与性状:
无色液体
密度:
0.89 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
熔点:
-170°C
沸点:
134-135 °C(lit.)
闪点:
80 °F
折射率:
n20/D 1.377(lit.)
存储条件/存储方法:

储存在干爽的惰性气体下,保持容器密封,储存在阴凉,干燥的地方 

稳定性相关:

 常温常压下稳定,避免强氧化剂 水分接触

其它信息:

1.       性状:无色透明液体

2.       密度(g/ mL,25):0.89

3.       相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):未确定

4.       熔点(ºC):-170

5.       沸点(ºC,常压):134-135

6.       沸点(ºC,25mm):未确定

7.       折射率(n20/D)1.377

8.       闪点(ºF):80

9.       比旋光度(º):未确定

10.    自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):未确定

11.    蒸气压(kPa,25ºC):未确定

12.    饱和蒸气压(kPa,60ºC):未确定

13.    燃烧热(KJ/mol):未确定

14.    临界温度(ºC):未确定

15.    临界压力(KPa):未确定

16.    油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:未确定

17.    爆炸上限(%,V/V):未确定

18.    爆炸下限(%,V/V):未确定

19.    溶解性:未确定

三乙氧基硅烷 安全信息

包装等级:
II
风险类别:
6.1
WGK_Germany:
3
德国有关水污染物质的分类清单
危险类别码:
R10;R23/24/25;R34
安全说明:
S26-S28-S36/37/39-S45
RTECS号:
VV6682000
安全标志:
S26:万一接触眼睛,立即使用大量清水冲洗并送医诊治。
S28:接触皮肤之后,立即使用大量皂液洗涤。
S45:出现意外或者感到不适,立刻到医生那里寻求帮助(最好带去产品容器标签)。
:
危险标志:
T:Toxic;C:Corrosive;

三乙氧基硅烷 毒理性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
VV6682000
CHEMICAL NAME :
Silane, triethoxy-
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
998-30-1
BEILSTEIN REFERENCE NO. :
1738989
LAST UPDATED :
199710
DATA ITEMS CITED :
6
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C6-H16-O3-Si
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
164.31
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
2O-SI-O2&O2

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
500 mg/m3/2H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - ataxia Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
REFERENCE :
TPKVAL Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. (Izdatel'stvo Meditsina, Moscow, USSR) No.1- 1961- Volume(issue)/page/year: 5,192,1963
TYPE OF TEST :
LC50 - Lethal concentration, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
500 mg/m3/2H
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - ataxia Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - acute pulmonary edema Kidney, Ureter, Bladder - changes in tubules (including acute renal failure, acute tubular necrosis)
REFERENCE :
TPKVAL Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. (Izdatel'stvo Meditsina, Moscow, USSR) No.1- 1961- Volume(issue)/page/year: 5,192,1963
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intravenous
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
180 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
CSLNX* U.S. Army Armament Research & Development Command, Chemical Systems Laboratory, NIOSH Exchange Chemicals. (Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010) Volume(issue)/page/year: NX#00018 ** OTHER MULTIPLE DOSE TOXICITY DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TCLo - Lowest published toxic concentration
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Inhalation
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
20 mg/m3/3H/22W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Lungs, Thorax, or Respiration - structural or functional change in trachea or bronchi Liver - liver function tests impaired Blood - changes in leukocyte (WBC) count
REFERENCE :
TPKVAL Toksikologiya Novykh Promyshlennykh Khimicheskikh Veshchestv. Toxicology of New Industrial Chemical Substances. For English translation, see TNICS*. (Izdatel'stvo Meditsina, Moscow, USSR) No.1- 1961- Volume(issue)/page/year: 5,192,1963
毒理学数据:

1、急性毒性:小鼠吸入LD50500mg/m3/2H;导致肺功能紊乱,呼吸急促。

大鼠吸入LD5050mg/m3/2H;导致肺功能紊乱,呼吸急促。

小鼠静脉注射LD50180mg/kg

生态数据:

对水是稍微有害的,不要让未稀释或大量的产品接触地下水,水道或者污水系统,若无政府许可,勿将材料排入周围环境

三乙氧基硅烷 MSDS

  Triethoxysilane      Revision number: 6    
  SAFETY DATA SHEET

Section 1. IDENTIFICATION
  Product name:        Triethoxysilane    
                  
  Revision number:        6    

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  GHS classification
  PHYSICAL HAZARDS
  Flammable liquids        Category 3    
  HEALTH HAZARDS
  Acute toxicity (Inhalation)        Category 1    
  Skin corrosion/irritation        Category 1B    
  Serious eye damage/eye irritation        Category 1    
  ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS        Not classified    
  GHS label elements, including precautionary statements
  Pictograms or hazard symbols
  Signal word        Danger    
  Hazard statements        Flammable liquid and vapour    
    Fatal if inhaled
    Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
  Precautionary statements:
  [Prevention]        Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. - No smoking.    
    Keep container tightly closed.
    Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting equipment. Take precautionary
    measures against ignition by the static discharge and the spark.
    Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
    Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
    Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
    Wear respiratory protection.
    Wear protective gloves/eye protection/face protection.
  [Response]        IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for    
    breathing. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
    IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
    IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses,
    if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
    IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse
    skin with water/shower.
    Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
    Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  Triethoxysilane

Section 2. HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  [Storage]        Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.    
    Store locked up.
  [Disposal]        Dispose of contents/container through a waste management company authorized by    
    the local government.

Section 3. COMPOSITION/INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
  Substance/mixture:        Substance    
  Components:        Triethoxysilane    
  Percent:        >97.0%(GC)    
  CAS Number:        998-30-1    
  Chemical Formula:        C6H16O3Si    

Section 4. FIRST AID MEASURES
  Inhalation:        Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.    
    Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  Skin contact:        Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Gently wash with plenty of    
    soap and water. Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
  Eye contact:        Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present    
    and easy to do. Continue rinsing.Immediately call a POISON CENTER or
    doctor/physician.
  Ingestion:        Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. Rinse mouth. Do NOT    
    induce vomiting.
  Most important        Cough, Sore throat, Redness, Pain    
  symptoms/effects, acute
  and delayed:
  Protection of first-aiders:        A rescuer should wear personal protective equipment, such as rubber gloves and    
    air-tight goggles.

Section 5. FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES
  Suitable extinguishing        Dry chemical, foam, carbon dioxide.    
  media:
  Unsuitable extinguishing Water (It may scatter and spread fire.)
  media:
  Specific hazards arising Take care as it may decompose upon combustion or in high temperatures to
  from the chemical:        generate poisonous fume.    
  Precautions for firefighters: Fire-extinguishing work is done from the windward and the suitable fire-extinguishing
    method according to the surrounding situation is used. Uninvolved persons should
    evacuate to a safe place. In case of fire in the surroundings: Keep containers cool by
    spraying with water. Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so.
  Special protective        When extinguishing fire, be sure to wear personal protective equipment.    
  equipment for firefighters:

Section 6. ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  Personal precautions,        Use extra personal protective equipment (self-contained breathing apparatus). Keep    
  protective equipment and people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Ensure adequate ventilation. Entry to
  emergency procedures: non-involved personnel should be controlled around the leakage area by roping off,
    etc.
  Environmental precautions: Prevent product from entering drains.
  Methods and materials for Absorb spilled material in dry sand or inert absorbent before recovering it into an
  containment and cleaning airtight container. In case of large amount of spillage, contain a spill by bunding.
  up: Adhered or collected material should be promptly disposed of, in accordance with
    appropriate laws and regulations.
  Prevention of secondary Remove all sources of ignition. Fire-extinguishing devices should be prepared in case
  hazards:        of a fire. Use spark-proof tools and explosion-proof equipment.    

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Precautions for safe handling
  Triethoxysilane

Section 7. HANDLING AND STORAGE
  Technical measures:        Handling is performed in a well ventilated place. Wear suitable protective equipment.    
    Prevent generation of vapour or mist. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame/hot
    surfaces. -No smoking. Take measures to prevent the build up of electrostatic
    charge. Use explosion-proof equipment. Wash hands and face thoroughly after
    handling.
    Use a closed system if possible. Use a ventilation, local exhaust if vapour or aerosol
    will be generated.
  Advice on safe handling: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing.
    May develop pressure. Open carefully.
  Conditions for safe storage, including any
  incompatibilities
  Storage conditions:        Keep container tightly closed. Store in a cool, dark and well-ventilated place.    
    Store under inert gas.
    Protect from moisture.
    Store locked up.
    Store away from incompatible materials such as oxidizing agents.
    Moisture-sensitive
  Packaging material:        Comply with laws.    

Section 8. EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering controls:        Install a closed system or local exhaust. Also install safety shower and eye bath.    
  Personal protective equipment
  Respiratory protection: Half or full facepiece respirator, self-contained breathing apparatus(SCBA), supplied
    air respirator, etc. Use respirators approved under appropriate government standards
    and follow local and national regulations.
  Hand protection:        Impervious gloves.    
  Eye protection:        Safety goggles. A face-shield, if the situation requires.    
  Skin and body protection: Impervious protective clothing. Protective boots, if the situation requires.

Section 9. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
  Physical state (20°C):        Liquid    
  Form:        Clear    
    Colorless - Almost colorless
  Colour:
  Odour:        No data available    
  pH: No data available
  Melting point/freezing point: No data available
  Boiling point/range:        134°C    
  Flash point:        29°C    
  Flammability or explosive
  limits:
  Lower:        1.2%    
  Upper:        No data available    
  Vapour density:        5.7    
    0.90
  Relative density:
  Solubility(ies):
  [Water]        No data available    
  [Other solvents]        No data available    

Section 10. STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical stability:        Stable under proper conditions.    
  Possibility of hazardous Disproportionation can occur in the presence of bases to produce pyrophoric silanes
  reactions:        occasionally.    
  Conditions to avoid:        Spark, Open flame, Static discharge    
  Incompatible materials: Oxidizing agents, Acids, Bases, Water, Metals
  Hazardous decomposition Carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, Silicon oxides
  products:
  Triethoxysilane

Section 11. TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
    ihl-mus LC50:500 mg/m3/2H
  Acute Toxicity:
    ihl-rat LC50:500 mg/m3/2H
    ivn-mus LD50:180 mg/kg
  Skin corrosion/irritation: No data available
  Serious eye        No data available    
  damage/irritation:
  Germ cell mutagenicity: No data available
  Carcinogenicity:
  IARC =        No data available    
  NTP =        No data available    
  Reproductive toxicity:        No data available    
    VV6682000
  RTECS Number:

Section 12. ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  Ecotoxicity:
  Fish:        No data available    
  Crustacea:        No data available    
  Algae:        No data available    
  Persistence / degradability: No data available
  Bioaccumulative        No data available    
  potential(BCF):
  Mobility in soil
  Log Pow:        No data available    
  Soil adsorption (Koc): No data available
  Henry's Law        No data available    
  constant(PaM3/mol):

Section 13. DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
    Recycle to process, if possible. Consult your local regional authorities. You may be able to burn in a chemical
    incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber system. Observe all federal, state and local regulations when
    disposing of the substance.

Section 14. TRANSPORT INFORMATION
  Hazards Class:        6.1: Toxic substance.    
  Subsidiary risk:        3/8: Flammable liquid/Corrosive.    
  UN-No:        3489    
  Proper shipping name:        Toxic by inhalation liquid, flammable, corrosive, n.o.s.    

Section 15. REGULATORY INFORMATION
  Safe management ordinance of dangerous chemical product (State Council announces on January 26, 2002
  and revised on February 16,2011): Safe use and production, the storage of a dangerous chemical, transport,
    loading and unloading were prescribed.
  Triethoxysilane


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

三乙氧基硅烷 分子结构与计算化学数据

计算化学数据

1.疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):无

2.氢键供体数量:0

3.氢键受体数量:3

4.可旋转化学键数量:6

5.互变异构体数量:无

6.拓扑分子极性表面积27.7

7.重原子数量:10

8.表面电荷:0

9.复杂度:55.7

10.同位素原子数量:0

11.确定原子立构中心数量:0

12.不确定原子立构中心数量:0

13.确定化学键立构中心数量:0

14.不确定化学键立构中心数量:0

15.共价键单元数量:1

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