维生素D3

  • 基本信息
  • 制备方法及用途
  • 物化性质
  • 安全信息
  • 毒理性
  • MSDS
  • 结构与计算化学
  • 上游产品
  • 下游产品

维生素D3 基本信息

中文名称:
维生素D3 
中文别名:
维生素 D3;
胆钙化醇;
9,10-开环胆甾-5,7,10(19)-三烯-3beta-醇;
活化7-去氢胆固醇;
维生素D3 
英文名称:
Vitamin D3
英文别名:
calciol;
[3H]-Vitamin D3;
(1S,3Z)-3-[(2E)-2-[(1R,3aS,7aR)-1-[(1R)-1,5-dimethylhexyl]octahydro-7a-methyl-4H-inden-4-ylidene]ethylidene]-4-methylenecyclohexanol;
Vi-De3;
colecalciferol;
vitamin D3 powder;
vitamin D3;
CALCIOL;
Oxarol;
Deparal;
FeraCol;
cholecalciferol;
Prezios;
rampage;
Ebivit;
Devaron;
Vitamin D3;
MC 1275;
(5Z,7E)-(3S)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-ol 
CAS No.:
67-97-0
分 子 式:

C27H44O

分 子 量:
384.64
精确分子量:
384.33900
PSA:
20.23000
MDL:
MFCD00078131
EINECS:
200-673-2
BRN:
2339331
InChI:
The Key: QYSXJUFSXHHAJI-JACFMPSKSA-N
危险品标志:

ToxicTVeryT+

风险术语:

R23/24/25;R48/25;R23/24/25;

安全术语:

S28;S36/37;S45;S28A;S36/37/39;

分子结构式:
SDS:
查看

维生素D3 制备方法及用途

制备方法

1.将7-脱氢胆固醇溶于乙醇,用紫外光照射开环,反应液浓缩、冷冻、过滤,滤液通氮减压浓缩至干,得粗维生素D3液。再经精制而得维生素D3。2.从植物油或酵母中提取人体不能吸收的7-脱氢胆固醇,溶于氯仿或环己烷,用紫外线照射转化成维生素D33.将7-脱氢胆固醇溶于乙醇,用紫外光照射开环,反应液浓缩、冷冻、过滤,滤液通氮减压浓缩至干,得粗维生素D3,再经精制即可。

合成制备方法

1.将7-脱氢胆固醇溶于乙醇,用紫外光照射开环,反应液浓缩、冷冻、过滤,滤液通氮减压浓缩至干,得粗维生素D3液。再经精制而得维生素D3。
2.从植物油或酵母中提取人体不能吸收的7-脱氢胆固醇,溶于氯仿或环己烷,用紫外线照射转化成维生素

D3
3.将7-脱氢胆固醇溶于乙醇,用紫外光照射开环,反应液浓缩、冷冻、过滤,滤液通氮减压浓缩至干,得粗维生素D3,再经精制即可。

用途简介

维生素D3的维生素类药,主要促进肠内钙磷的吸收和沉积,用于治疗佝偻病及骨质软化病。

用途

1.维生素D为脂溶性维生素。已知具有维生素D效果的化合物有十几种,无系类甾醇衍生物,其中具有重要实际意义的是维生素D2和维生素D3两种。世界上以D3为主,维生素D的“国际标准物质”也是D3的纯结晶。维生素D的主要功能是钙、磷的代谢,难促进钙、磷吸收以及骨骼钙化。人体缺乏D时,吸收钙、磷的能力降低,血中的钙、磷水平下降,使钙、磷不能在骨组织中沉积,甚至骨盐还会溶解,阴碍了骨骼的钙化。儿童缺乏则得佝偻病,成人则得骨软化病。日本以生产和使用D2为多,在各种需求量中,医药占30%,饲料添加剂占65%,食品添加剂占5%。按我国卫生部颁布的“食品营养强化剂使用卫生标准(1993)”规定,作为营养增补剂的D2和D3可用于液体奶、人造奶油、乳制品和婴幼儿食品。

2.维生素强化剂。可用于饮料、果汁、糖果、面包、罐头、婴幼儿食品、高铁谷类等制品中。我国规定可用于强化人造奶油,使用量为125~156μg/kg;在强化乳制品中使用量为63~125μg/kg;在强化婴幼儿食品中使用量为50~100μg/kg;在强化乳及乳饮料中使用量为10~40μg/kg;在强化固体饮料和冰淇淋中使用量为10~20μg/kg。
3.维生素D3能保持钙、磷代谢正常,促进机体对钙和磷的吸收。猪对维生素D2和维生素D3的利用率是同等的,但禽类对维生素D2的利用率仅为D3的1/3~1/40。D3缺乏时,蛋壳变薄,产蛋率下降,发生佝偻病。

维生素D3 物化性质

外观与性状:
结晶
密度:
0.96 g/cm3
熔点:
83-86 °C(lit.)
沸点:
496.4ºC at 760 mmHg
闪点:
214.2ºC
水溶解性:
<0.1 g/L (20 °C)
折射率:
1.507 (15ºC)
存储条件/存储方法:

3本品应密封于阴凉干燥处避光保存。   

稳定性相关:

无色结晶。在潮湿空气中几天就氧化失活,纯结晶在棕色真空安瓿中冰箱相存放一年后仅有极微量变质。通常维生素D3比维生素D2稳定。D3存在于人和大多数动物组织中,在鱼肝油、肝、鱼子、乳汁、奶油和蛋黄等食物中含D3量丰富。人体皮肤内含有维生素D3的前体7-脱氢胆固醇,经日光或紫外线照射,可转变为D3,故多晒太阳可防止维生素D缺乏。

其它信息:

1.       性状:白色柱状结晶或结晶性粉末,无臭无味,耐热性好,但对光不稳定,在空气中易氧化

2.       密度(g/mL,25/4℃):不确定

3.       相对蒸汽密度(g/mL,空气=1):不确定

4.       熔点(ºC):84-85

5.       沸点(ºC,常压):不确定

6.       沸点(ºC, 5.2kPa):不确定

7.       折射率:不确定

8.       闪点(ºC):不确定

9.       比旋光度(º):105 º (c=0.8, EtOH 25 ºC)

10.    自燃点或引燃温度(ºC):不确定

11.    蒸气压(kPa,25ºC):不确定

12.    饱和蒸气压(kPa,60ºC):不确定

13.    燃烧热(KJ/mol):不确定

14.    临界温度(ºC):不确定

15.    临界压力(KPa):不确定

16.    油水(辛醇/水)分配系数的对数值:不确定

17.    爆炸上限(%,V/V):不确定

18.    爆炸下限(%,V/V):不确定

19.    溶解性:溶于醇、醚、丙酮、氯仿及植物油,不溶于水(<0.1 g/L,20 ºC)

维生素D3 安全信息

包装等级:
II
风险类别:
6.1
海关代码:
2936240000
WGK_Germany:
2
德国有关水污染物质的分类清单
危险类别码:
R24/25;R26;R48/25
安全说明:
S28-S36/37-S45-S28A
RTECS号:
VS2900000
安全标志:
S45:出现意外或者感到不适,立刻到医生那里寻求帮助(最好带去产品容器标签)。
:
危险标志:
T+:Verytoxic;

维生素D3 毒理性

CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION

RTECS NUMBER :
VS2900000
CHEMICAL NAME :
9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-3-beta-ol
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER :
67-97-0
LAST UPDATED :
199701
DATA ITEMS CITED :
9
MOLECULAR FORMULA :
C27-H44-O
MOLECULAR WEIGHT :
384.71
WISWESSER LINE NOTATION :
L56 FYTJ A1 BY1&3Y1&1 FU2U- BL6YYTJ AU1 DQ

HEALTH HAZARD DATA

ACUTE TOXICITY DATA

TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Human - infant
DOSE/DURATION :
39 mg/kg/34W-I
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - anorexia (human) Behavioral - irritability Gastrointestinal - decreased motility or constipation
REFERENCE :
BMJOAE British Medical Journal. (British Medical Assoc., BMA House, Tavistock Sq., London WC1H 9JR, UK) V.1- 1857- Volume(issue)/page/year: 295,1173,1987
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - rat
DOSE/DURATION :
42 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
TXAPA9 Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. (Academic Press, Inc., 1 E. First St., Duluth, MN 55802) V.1- 1959- Volume(issue)/page/year: 43,125,1978
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
42500 ug/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
DEVEAA Defense des Vegetaux. (Federation Nationale des Groupements de Protection des Cultures, 149, rue de Bercy, 75595 Paris Cedex, 12, France) V.1- 1947- Volume(issue)/page/year: 43(255-256),14,1989
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Intraperitoneal
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Rodent - mouse
DOSE/DURATION :
136 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Details of toxic effects not reported other than lethal dose value
REFERENCE :
VHTODE Veterinary and Human Toxicology. (American College of Veterinary and Comparative Toxicology, Publication Office, Comparative Toxicology, Manhattan, KS 66506) V.19- 1977- Volume(issue)/page/year: 31,105,1989
TYPE OF TEST :
LD50 - Lethal dose, 50 percent kill
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Oral
SPECIES OBSERVED :
Mammal - dog
DOSE/DURATION :
80 mg/kg
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Behavioral - somnolence (general depressed activity) Behavioral - changes in motor activity (specific assay) Gastrointestinal - other changes
REFERENCE :
JAVMA4 Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. (American Veterinary Medical Assoc., 930 N. Meacham Rd., Schaumburg, IL 60196) V.48- 1915- Volume(issue)/page/year: 193,211,1988 ** REPRODUCTIVE DATA **
TYPE OF TEST :
TDLo - Lowest published toxic dose
ROUTE OF EXPOSURE :
Subcutaneous
DOSE :
90 mg/kg
SEX/DURATION :
female 12-20 day(s) after conception
TOXIC EFFECTS :
Reproductive - Effects on Embryo or Fetus - fetotoxicity (except death, e.g., stunted fetus)
REFERENCE :
FOMOAJ Folia Morphologica (Warsaw). (Panstwowy Zaklad Wydawnictw Lekarskich, ul. Dluga 38-40, 00 238 Warsaw, Poland) V.1- 1929- Volume(issue)/page/year: 29,333,1970 *** NIOSH STANDARDS DEVELOPMENT AND SURVEILLANCE DATA *** NIOSH OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE SURVEY DATA : NOHS - National Occupational Hazard Survey (1974) NOHS Hazard Code - 80574 No. of Facilities: 179 (estimated) No. of Industries: 4 No. of Occupations: 18 No. of Employees: 6614 (estimated) NOES - National Occupational Exposure Survey (1983) NOES Hazard Code - 80574 No. of Facilities: 2284 (estimated) No. of Industries: 12 No. of Occupations: 36 No. of Employees: 85071 (estimated) No. of Female Employees: 59178 (estimated)
毒理学数据:

急性毒性:婴儿口经LDLo:39 mg/kg/34W-I;大鼠口经LD50:42 mg/kg;

维生素D3 MSDS

Name: Vitamin d3 crystalline 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym: Cholecalciferol; 9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-33-o
CAS: 67-97-0
Section 1 - Chemical Product   MSDS Name:Vitamin d3 crystalline 99+% Material Safety Data Sheet
Synonym:Cholecalciferol; 9,10-Secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-trien-33-o

Section 2 - COMPOSITION, INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS
CAS# Chemical Name content EINECS#
67-97-0 Vitamin D3 99 200-673-2
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases: 25

Section 3 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION
  EMERGENCY OVERVIEW
Toxic if swallowed.Light sensitive.
Potential Health Effects
Eye:
May cause eye irritation.
Skin:
May cause skin irritation.
Ingestion:
May be fatal if swallowed. May cause irritation of the digestive tract. May cause kidney damage. May cause cardiac disturbances.
Ingestion may lead to mental retardation.
Inhalation:
May cause respiratory tract irritation.
Chronic:
Chronic ingestion may cause effects similar to those of acute ingestion.

Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES
  Eyes: Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical aid.
Skin:
Get medical aid if irritation develops or persists. Flush skin with plenty of soap and water.
Ingestion:
If victim is conscious and alert, give 2-4 cupfuls of milk or water.
Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical aid.
Inhalation:
Remove from exposure and move to fresh air immediately. Get medical aid if cough or other symptoms appear.
Notes to Physician:

Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES
  General Information:
As in any fire, wear a self-contained breathing apparatus in pressure-demand, MSHA/NIOSH (approved or equivalent), and full protective gear.
Extinguishing Media:
In case of fire, use water, dry chemical, chemical foam, or alcohol-resistant foam.

Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES
  General Information: Use proper personal protective equipment as indicated in Section 8.
Spills/Leaks:
Sweep up or absorb material, then place into a suitable clean, dry, closed container for disposal. Avoid generating dusty conditions.

Section 7 - HANDLING and STORAGE
  Handling:
Wash thoroughly after handling. Use with adequate ventilation.
Minimize dust generation and accumulation. Avoid contact with eyes, skin, and clothing. Keep container tightly closed. Do not ingest or inhale.
Storage:
Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area away from incompatible substances. Store protected from light and air.

Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS, PERSONAL PROTECTION
  Engineering Controls:
Use adequate general or local exhaust ventilation to keep airborne concentrations below the permissible exposure limits.
Exposure Limits CAS# 67-97-0: Personal Protective Equipment Eyes: Wear appropriate protective eyeglasses or chemical safety goggles as described by OSHA's eye and face protection regulations in 29 CFR 1910.133 or European Standard EN166.
Skin:
Wear appropriate protective gloves to prevent skin exposure.
Clothing:
Wear appropriate protective clothing to prevent skin exposure.
Respirators:
Follow the OSHA respirator regulations found in 29 CFR 1910.134 or European Standard EN 149. Use a NIOSH/MSHA or European Standard EN 149 approved respirator if exposure limits are exceeded or if irritation or other symptoms are experienced.

Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES
 
Physical State: Solid
Color: white
Odor: none reported
pH: Not available.
Vapor Pressure: Not available.
Viscosity: Not available.
Boiling Point: Not available.
Freezing/Melting Point: 84-85C
Autoignition Temperature: Not available.
Flash Point: Not available.
Explosion Limits, lower: Not available.
Explosion Limits, upper: Not available.
Decomposition Temperature:
Solubility in water: Insoluble.
Specific Gravity/Density:
Molecular Formula: C27H44O
Molecular Weight: 384.64

Section 10 - STABILITY AND REACTIVITY
  Chemical Stability:
Stable under normal temperatures and pressures.
Conditions to Avoid:
Incompatible materials, light, dust generation, exposure to air.
Incompatibilities with Other Materials:
Strong oxidizing agents - acid chlorides - acid anhydrides.
Hazardous Decomposition Products:
Carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide.
Hazardous Polymerization: Has not been reported.

Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION
  RTECS#:
CAS# 67-97-0: VS2900000 LD50/LC50:
CAS# 67-97-0: Oral, mouse: LD50 = 42500 ug/kg; Oral, rat: LD50 = 42 mg/kg.
Carcinogenicity:
Vitamin D3 - Not listed by ACGIH, IARC, or NTP.
Other:
See actual entry in RTECS for complete information.

Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION
 

Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS
  Dispose of in a manner consistent with federal, state, and local regulations.

Section 14 - TRANSPORT INFORMATION
 
IATA
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.*
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing Group: II
IMO
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing Group: II
RID/ADR
Shipping Name: TOXIC SOLID, ORGANIC, N.O.S.
Hazard Class: 6.1
UN Number: 2811
Packing group: II

Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION
 
European/International Regulations
European Labeling in Accordance with EC Directives
Hazard Symbols: T
Risk Phrases:
R 25 Toxic if swallowed.
Safety Phrases:
S 24/25 Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
WGK (Water Danger/Protection)
CAS# 67-97-0: 1
Canada
CAS# 67-97-0 is listed on Canada's DSL List.
CAS# 67-97-0 is not listed on Canada's Ingredient Disclosure List.
US FEDERAL
TSCA
CAS# 67-97-0 is listed on the TSCA inventory.


SECTION 16 - ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
N/A

维生素D3 分子结构与计算化学数据

分子结构数据

    1、   摩尔折射率:80.73

2、   摩尔体积(cm3/mol):186.5

3、   等张比容(90.2K):594.5

4、   表面张力(dyne/cm):103.2

5、   极化率(10-24cm3):32

计算化学数据

1、   疏水参数计算参考值(XlogP):7.5

2、   氢键供体数量:1

3、   氢键受体数量:1

4、   可旋转化学键数量:6

5、   拓扑分子极性表面积(TPSA):20.2

6、   重原子数量:28

7、   表面电荷:0

8、   复杂度:610

9、   同位素原子数量:0

10、   确定原子立构中心数量:5

11、   不确定原子立构中心数量:0

12、   确定化学键立构中心数量:0

13、   不确定化学键立构中心数量:2

14、   共价键单元数量:1

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河北仟盛生物科技有限公司

产品介绍:
产品名称:维生素D3 Cas号:67-97-0 纯度:99.99 包装信息:1kg,25kg,1000kg 价格:120.0元 - 130.0元
联系方式:
联系人:周宇 电话:15830669978 手机:15830669978